Apache Kafka is a fault tolerant publish-subscribe streaming platform that lets you process streams of records as they occur. If you haven’t installed Kafka yet, see our Kafka Quickstart Tutorial to get up and running quickly.

In this post we discuss how to create a simple Kafka producer in Java.

Kafka Producer Java Code

The example below shows creating a Kafka producer object and using it to send messages to the my-topic topic.

package net.bigdatums.kafka.producer;

import org.apache.kafka.clients.producer.KafkaProducer;
import org.apache.kafka.clients.producer.Producer;
import org.apache.kafka.clients.producer.ProducerRecord;
import java.util.Properties;

public class StringProducerExample {

    public static void main(String args[]) {

        //properties for producer
        Properties props = new Properties();
        props.put("bootstrap.servers", "localhost:9092");
        props.put("key.serializer", "org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.IntegerSerializer");
        props.put("value.serializer", "org.apache.kafka.common.serialization.StringSerializer");

        //create producer
        Producer<Integer, String> producer = new KafkaProducer<Integer, String>(props);

        //send messages to my-topic
        for(int i = 0; i < 100; i++) {
            ProducerRecord producerRecord = new ProducerRecord<Integer, String>("my-topic", i, "Test Message #" + Integer.toString(i));

        //close producer


In this example we are only using the required producer configuration parameters, which include the bootstrap.servers URI and the key and value Serializers. We are sending Integer keys and String values in each message which is why we use the IntegerSerializer and StringSerializer classes in our configuration parameters.

This example is placed inside a main() method to make it easy to run from the command line or from within an IDE.

Running the Kafka Producer Example

In order to run this example, we need a Zookeeper server and a Kafka server running. For an example of how to do this see our Kafka Quickstart Tutorial to get up and running.

Once we have Zookeeper and Kafka running we can create the my-topic topic:

# creating my-topic topic
$KAFKA_HOME/bin/kafka-topics.sh --create --zookeeper localhost:2181 --replication-factor 1 --partitions 1 --topic my-topic 

We are now ready to execute our code and send messages to Kafka from the command line or from directly within an IDE. Below is an example of running this code on the command line from our bigdatums-kafka-1.0-SNAPSHOT.jar JAR file.

java -cp bigdatums-kafka-1.0-SNAPSHOT.jar net.bigdatums.kafka.producer.StringProducerExample

An easy way to see the messages sent by our producer is to use the kafka-console-consumer which will read messages from a Kafka topic and print them to stdout:

# consuming messages from Kafka
$KAFKA_HOME/bin/kafka-console-consumer.sh --bootstrap-server localhost:9092 --topic my-topic --from-beginning
Test Message #0
Test Message #1
Test Message #2
Test Message #3
Test Message #4
Test Message #5
Test Message #6

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Creating a Simple Kafka Producer in Java